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Tuesday, 8 January 2019

Present continuous tense



Tumeshasoma kuhusu simple present tense . Sasa hapa tunaangalie " the present continuous tense . "

Vitenzi vya " the present continuous tense " huwa vinaongezewa ING mbele.

MUUNDO WA SENTENSI ZA PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE : 

Hapa tuna miundo mitatu ya sentensi ambayo ni :

1. Sentensi za kukubali / chanya
2. Sentensi za kukanusha
3. Sentensi za kuuliza maswali

1. Sentensi za kukubali / chanya

SUBJECT + AM / IS / ARE + MAIN VERB+ING

Ufafanuzi

AM - inatumika na I
IS - inatumika na nafsi ya tatu umoja , yani " He, she na It " .

ARE - inatumika na " You , We na They"

Examples :

I am cleaning my room
( Nina safisha chumba changu )

She is listening music now
( Anasikiliza mziki sasa )

They are waiting for me .
( Wananisubiria mimi )

You are watching TV
( Unaangalia TV )

2. Sentensi za kukanusha

SUBJECT + AM / IS / ARE + NOT + MAIN VERB + ING

Examples :

She is not eating food .
( hali chakula . )

He is not watching television .
( Haangalii runinga . )

I am not reading a book now
( Sisomi kitabu kwa sasa . )

3 . Sentensi za kuuliza maswali

Muundo wa sentensi hizi unakuwa kama hivi :

AM / IS / ARE + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + ING

Examples :

Is he watching TV ?
( je , anaangalia TV ? )

Are they waiting for john ?
( je wanamsubiria john ? )

MATUMIZI YA THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE ( WAKATI ULIOPO UNAOENDELEA ) : 

1. Kwa vitendo au vitu ambavyo vinaendelea kwa sasa yani muda huu .

Examples :

They are eating right now .
( wanakula chakula sasa hivi . )

I am learning to drive a car .
( Ninajifunza kuendesha gari . )

He is living with his sister until he finds a room .
( Anaishi na dada yake mpaka pale atakapopata chumba . )

2.Tunatumia kuongelea vitu vijavyo au vitakavyofanyika wakati ujao.

Pia tunaweza kutumia the present continuous tense kuongela mambo yajayo - kama tukiongezea neno la wakati ujao kama vile : tomorrow , next year , next week n.k .

Tunatumia present continuous tense kuongelea vitu vijavyo ikiwa tayari tushaamua na tushapanga kabla ya kuongea .

Examples  :

I am starting my new job next month
( ninaanza kazi yangu mpya mwezi ujao )

We are eating at mama ntilie tonight . We have already booked the table .

( Tunakula kwa mama ntilie usiku . Tayari tushaweka ( oda ) .... )

When you are starting your new job ?
( Lini unaanza kazi yako mpya ? )

SHERIA ZA VITENZI KATIKA PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE . 

Vitenzi vya present continuous tense huwa tunaongezea " ING " katika kitenzi kikuu ( main verb )

Mfano : go / going , do / doing , look / looking , read / reading , stay / staying .

- Ila kwa vitenzi ambavyo vinaishia E , huwa tunaondoa E na kuongezea ING , Mfano : come / coming , mistake / mistaking .

- Kwa vitenzi ambavyo vinaishia na IE , huwa tunabadilisha IE kuwa Y . Mfano : lie / lying , die / dying .

****"*"*"*"*”"**""""""
Bofya hapa kujiunga na EnglishKona Fluency Club


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