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Wednesday, 2 January 2019

COUNT VS NON-COUNT NOUNS ( MAJINA YANAYOHESABIKA vs MAJINA YASIYOHESABIKA )




COUNT NOUNS

- Ni majina yote ambayo yanaweza kuhesabika .

# Mfano:

Pen , computer , bottle , spoon, cup , television , chair , shoe , finger , camera , table , book...

SIFA YA MAJINA HAYA ( COUNT NOUNS )

I > Majina haya yana wingi :

#Mfano

Pens , computers , bottles , spoons , cups , televisions , chairs , shoes , fingers , cameras , books , tables ....

II > Yanaweza kuelezwa kwa kutumia :

a few , few , many , some , every , each , these , the number of .

Mfano :

a few pens , a few computers , many bottle , some spoons , each cup , these television , the number of chairs , a few shoes , a few fingers , some cameras , these books , the number of tables ....

III > Yanatumia viashiria ( articles ) :

A , AN na THE .

# Kumbuka
Huwa tunatumia viashiria ikiwa jina lipo kwenye umoja .

#Mfano :

a pen , the computer, a bottle , the spoon , the cup , a television , the chair , a shoe , the finger , the camera , a book , the table ......

IV > Majina haya hayatumii MUCH ( kwa mfano huwezi kusema " much chairs au much computers ) .

MAJINA YASIYOHESABIKA ( NON-COUNT NOUNS )

- Haya ndiyo majina yasiyohesabika . Kikawaida majina haya huelezwa kwenye makundi au aina .

#Mfano :

water , wood , ice , air oxygen , English , Swahili , traffic , furniture , milk , wine , sugar , rice , meat , flour , soccer , sunshine ,...n.k

SIFA ZA MAJINA HAYA :

I > Kikawaida hayawezi kuwekwa kwenye wingi .

II . Yanaweza yakatumia viashiria ( A , AN au THE ) au yasitumie viashiria , hapa inategemea na sentensi yenyewe .

For example :

- Sugar is sweet .
( sukari ni tamu )

- The sunshine is beutiful .
( Mwanga wa jua ni mzuri )

- I drink milk .
( Huwa nakunywa maziwa )

- He eats rice .
( Huwa anakula wali )

- We watch soccer together .
( Huwa tunaangalia mpira pamoja )

- The wood is burning .


IV . Yanaweza kuelezwa kwa kutumia :
SOME , ANY , ENOUGH , THIS , THAT na MUCH .

For example :

- We ate some rice and milk
( Tulikula wali na maziwa )

- I hope to see some sunshine today
( Leo natumaini kuona mwanga wa jua )

- This meat is good .
( Nyama hii ni nzuri )

- She does not speak much swahili
( Haongei kiswahili sana )

- Do you see any traffic on the road ?
( Je unaona foleni yoyote barabarani ? )

- That wine is very old .
( Wine hiyo ni ya zamani sana )

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