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Monday, 7 January 2019

Simple present tense



Simple present tense -huu ni wakati ambao unaonyesha vitendo ambavyo vinafanyika kila siku au vya mazoea. Vitenzi ( verbs ) ambavyo vinatumika
katika wakati huu havibadiliki isipokuwa katika nafsi ya tatu umoja .

Zifahamu Nafsi

Nafsi ya kwanza : I ( mimi )
Nafsi ya pili : You ( wewe )
Nafsi ya tatu : He / she / it ( yeye

WINGI

Nafsi ya kwanza : We ( sisi )
Nafsi ya pili : You ( ninyi )
Nafsi ya tatu : They ( wao )

Examples :

I sing songs = > huwa naimba nyimbo

You sing songs = > huwa unaimba
nyimbo

He sings songs = > huwa anaimba nyimbo

She sings songs = > huwa anaimba nyimbo

It sings songs = > huwa anaimba nyimbo

We sing songs = > huwa tunaimba nyimbo

You sing nyimbo = > huwa mnaimba nyimbo

They sing songs = > huwa wanaimba nyimbo

#Kwa nafsi ya tatu umoja , hapa
nazungumzia : ( He , she na it ) ambapo hawa vitenzi vyao vinabadilika vinakuwa vinaongezewa S , ES au IES .

Mfano : take / takes , do / does / fry / fries .

SHERIA YA KUBADILISHA VITENZI ( VERBS ) .

Vitenzi ( verbs ) vingi huwa vinaongezewa " S " tu . Mfano : Seem / seems , look / looks , take / takes .

Kwa vitenzi ambavyo vinaishia na O huwa tunaongezea - ES . Mfano : Go / goes / , do / does , veto / vetoes ) .

Kwa vitenzi ( verbs ) ambavyo vinaishia na - S , - Z , - CH , -SH na - X , hapa huwa tunaongezea " ES " . Mfano : Punch / puches , wash / washes , kiss / kisses , fizz / fizzes , mix / mixes )

Kwa vitenzi ( verbs ) ambavyo vinaishia na sauti ya konsonant alafu mbele zimeishia na - Y huwa tunatoa Y alafu tunaongeza
IES , Mfano : ( Hurry/ hurries , Clarify / clarifies )

Ila kwa vitenzi ambavyo vimeishia sauti ya irabu ( vowel ) huwa tunaongeza " S " tu mbele . Mfano : ( Play / plays , enjoy / enjoys )

KUMBUKA : Kanuni zote za hapo juu zinatumika katika nafsi ya tatu umoja tu ( He , she na It ) .
Kwa nafsi zingine zote vitenzi huwa havibadiliki .

MIUNDO YA SENTENSI KATIKA TENSE HII .

1. Kwa sentensi za kukubali / chanya :

SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

I wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa naamka saa 12 asubuhi )

You wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa unaamka saa 12 asubuhi )

He wakes up at 6 AM
( Huwa anaamka saa 12 asubuhi )

She wakes up at 6 AM
( Huwa anaamka saa 12 asubuhi )

Kwa sentensi za kukanusha

SUBJECT + DOES / DON'T + MAIN VERB

Ufafanuzi :

DOES - inatumika kwa nafsi ya tatu umoja , yani He, she na It .

DON'T - inatumika kwa nafsi zote
zilizobakia.

KUMBUKA : Unapotumia DON'T au DOES basi kitenzi kikuu ( main verb ) kinakuwa hakibadiliki ( infinitive ) .

Pia :

Does not = Doesn't
Do not = Don't

Examples  :

-I do not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa siamki saa 12 asubuhi )

-You don't wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa hauamki saa 12 asubuhi )

-He does not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa haamki saa 12 asubuhi )

-She doesn't wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa haamki saa 12 asubuhi )

- It does not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa haamki saa 12 asubuhi )

- We do not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa hatuamki saa 12 asubuhi )

They don't wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa hawaamki saa 12 asubuhi)

Sentensi za kuuliza maswali

DO / DOES + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

Examples :

Do you live here ?
( Je unaishi hapa ? )

Does he like this t-shirt ?
( Je anaipenda fulana hii ? )

Jinsi ya kujibu

-Yes I do .
-Yes he does .
-Yes she does .

Mifano zaidi

She loves her mother
( anampenda mama yake )

He eats banana
( Hula ndizi )

I drive a car
( ninaendesha gari )

You like this movie
( unaipenda muvi hii )

They hate us
( wanatuchikia )

......., ..................    ...................... .. .........

Ongea kiingereza kwa ufasaha kwa kubofya hapa 👉👉EnglishKona Fluency Club

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