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Saturday, 8 June 2019

Jinsi ya kusoma saa kwa kiingereza. ( Time telling )



Karibu tena English Kona kujifunza mawili matatu katika lugha ya kiingereza. Katika somo letu la leo tutajifunza jinsi ya kusoma na kutaja muda katika lugha ya kiingereza.

Kabla hatujaendelea , tujikumbushe hili usomaji wa saa za kiingereza ni tofaut na kiswahili ... Kwa mfano ikiwa 7 kwa kiswahili tunasema moja.

 _Angalia vizuri hapa_ :

1 = 7
2 = 8
3 = 9
4 = 10
5 = 11
6 = 12
7 = 1
8 =  2
9  =  3
10 = 4
11 = 5
12 = 6

Lakini katika kiingereza huwa tunataja namba kama zilivyo.

 JINSI YA KUTAJA NA KUSOMA MUDA.

Kuna njia mbili za kutaja mda

1. Kuanza kutaja saa kwanza alaf dakika. ( Hour + Minutes )

* 6:25 - It's six twenty-five.
- Ni saa kumi na mbili na dakika ishirini na tano.

* 9:05 - It's nine O-five ( O inatamkwa kama herufi O )
- Ni saa tatu na dakika  tano.

* 9:11 - It's nine eleven.
- Ni saa tatu na dakika kumi na moja.

2. Kutaja dakika kwanza alafu saa.
( Minutes + PAST / TO + Hour )

Kwa dakika 1-30 tunatumia PAST baada ya kutaja dakika.

Kwa dakika 31-59 tunatumia  TO baada ya kutaja dakika.

 _FAHAMU HILI_ :

Tunapotumia TO ina maana tunazungumzia kasoro. Sasa kwa mfano :

12 : 40 - saa 7 kasoro dakika 20.

Hii kwa kiingereza tunasema " It's twenty to one.

Yani tunataja dakika za kasoro alafu tunataja lisaa linalofuata.

 _Mifano zaidi_ :

* 2:35 - It's twenty-five to three.
( Ni saa tisa kasoro dakika 25 )

* 11:20 - It's twenty past eleven
( Ni saa tano na dakika ishirini )

* 4:18 - It's eighteen past four
( Ni saa kumi na dakika kumi na nane )

* 8:51 - It's nine to nine.
( Ni saa tatu kasoro dakika tisa )

* 2:59 - It's one to three.
( Ni saa tisa kasoro moja )

 QUARTER PAST / QUARTER TO ( NA ROBO / KASORO ROBO ) 

 QUARTER PAST - Na robo

* 7:15 - It's (a) quarter past seven.
( Ni saa  na robo )

 QUARTER TO - kasoro robo.

* 12:45 - It's a quarter to one.
( Ni saa saba kasoro robo )


 O'CLOCK - kamili

Tunatumia o'clock pale ambapo panapokuwa hakuna dakika (minutes )

* 10:00 - It's ten o'clock
( Saa 4 kamili )

* 5:00 - It's five o'clock.
( Ni saa 11 kamili )

* 1:00 - It's one o'clock.
( Ni saa 7 kamili )

Kuna muda tunaweza kuandika kama hivi - *NAMBA* + *O'CLOCK*

Mfano : 9 o'clock

SOMA PIA : Jifunze jinsi ya kutumia should, could na would

 12:00

Kwa 12:00 tunaweza tukasema kwa njia tatu.

1. Twelve o'clock
2. Midday - mchana
3. Midnight - usiku

 KUULIZIA MUDA .

Kwa kawaida huwa tunaulizia muda au saa kwa kutumia miundo hii :

* What time is it?
( Saa ngapi ? )

* What is the time ?
( Ni wakati gani? )
Njia ya adabu na heshima zaidi ya kuuliza saa kwa mtu mgeni usiemjua au mtu unayemuheshimu. 👇👇👇

* Could you tell me the time please?
( Tafadhali unaweza kuniambia wakati ? )

Could you tell me what time is it?
( Unaweza kuniambia ni saa ngapi sasa? )

Miundo ya kawaida ambayo tunatumia kuulizia wakati gani tukio fulani linatokea :

What time.........?
( Saa ngapi .......?

When......?
( Lini / wakati gani ........? )

* What time does the flight to New York leave?
( Ni saa ngapi ndege ya kwenda New York inaondoka? )

* When does the bus arrive from Mwanza?
( Wakati gani basi linawasiri kutoka Mwanza? )

* When does the concert begin?
( Wakati gani tamasha linaanza?)

 JINSI YA KUMUAMBIA MTU MUDA.

Tunatumia It is au It's kujibu swali la muda ( Right now )

* It is half past five ( 5:30 ).
- Ni saa 11 na nusu.

* It's ten to twelve ( 11:50 )
- Ni saa 6 kasoro dakika 10.

Tunatumia muundo wa  AT + TIME unapotaja muda wa tukio fulani.

* The bus arrives at midday (12:00).
- Basi linawasiri saa 6 mchana.

* The flight leaves at a quarter to two ( 1:45 ).
- Ndege inaondoka saa 8 kasoro robo.

* The concert begins at ten o'clock ( 10:00 )
- Tamasha linaanza saa 4 kamili

Pia tunaweza kutumia subject pronouns ( viwakilishi vya watenda ) kujibu maswali hayo:

* It arrives at midday ( 12:00 ).
- Linawasiri saa 6 mchana.

* It leaves at a quarter to two (1:45 ).
- Inaondoka saa 8 kasoro robo.

* It begins at a ten o'clock ( 10:00)
- Linaanza saa 4 kamili.


 AM vs. PM

Kikawaida huwa hatutumii masaa 24 katika kiingereza.

Tunatumia a.m kuanzia saa 6 usiku hadi saa 5 na dakika 59 asubuhi.

Tunatumia p.m kuanzia saa 6 mchana hadi saa 5 na dakika 59 usiku.


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